The Journal of Community Informatics 2018-02-12T06:49:51-05:00 Eduardo Villanueva-Mansilla Open Journal Systems <p>The latest issue of the Journal, <a href="/index.php/ciej/issue/current">Volume 13, number 3 (2017)</a>, has just been published.</p> <p><strong>Michael Gurstein: a tribute</strong></p> <p><em>Open call for an extraordinary issue honoring our friend, colleague, and founding editor</em></p> <p>The global network of Community Informatics scholars and practitioners would like to celebrate the life and contributions of the founding Editor of this journal, Michael Gurstein, who left us on October 8, 2017. Michael led the Journal for almost 12 years, from idea to inception. As a consequence of his effort,&nbsp; the Journal has become a respected forum for exchanging ideas, experiences and knowledge around the theory and practice of Community Informatics globally.</p> <p>When he left the Journal’s regular editorial management, Michael became Editor Emeritus and continued to take a strong interest in the sustainability of the Journal. The current editorial team strives to continue the work that Michael defined so eloquently in the past decade. JoCI remains committed to these defining principles, as a Journal that serves to advance both scholarship and practice for all those involved in the many aspects of Community Informatics. This includes, inter-alia, academics, practitioners, decision-makers, activists, at all levels of involvement, and from all over the world. The legacy of JoCI is also Michael’s legacy, and we are proud to be following in his steps.</p> <div> <p>To express our gratitude for this legacy and as a tribute to his work, the Journal is inviting three types of contributions for this special non-sequential issue:</p> <ul> <li class="show">Short contributions: These should be approximately 300 words, of a personal nature, remembering Michael, sharing aspects of his life and / or the experience of working with him;</li> <li class="show">Longer contributions: These should be approximately 1000 words, and comprise comments on his work. This may include any aspect of his writing on Community Informatics, communities, the Internet and social justice.</li> <li class="show">Photographic contributions: These should be accompanied by a short text (max 200 words) and comprise of an album of selected photos featuring Michael and his life and work .</li> </ul> <p>The extraordinary issue is primarily an opportunity to share and reflect on our friend, mentor and colleague. As such the editorial team will review the contributions with minimal assessment and no requirements of specific standards. If you wish to contribute a full length article, which may also be construed as a tribute to Michael, please submit it to a regular issue to guarantee the normal academic or professional recognition deserved.</p> <p><strong>Submission process</strong></p> <p>Please submit your contribution to the Journal following the regular process but selecting “POV-Gurstein issue” as “section” of the Journal (POV = point of view). You must follow the regular submission process of the Journal to facilitate indexing and referencing. The submission may be in a simple format, with just title and author(s), an email address if so willing; and in doc, docx or odt format for text or jpg for photos or mp4 for video. The Journal will convert the written contributions into a PDF file and will publish as the submissions arrive and are approved by the editorial team.</p> <p>We are planning for the initial publication to be available at the end of October 2017, and will continue accepting contributions at least till March 2018.</p> <p>If you have any questions or comments, please write to <a href=""></a>.</p> <p>Thanks for your interest in this publication, please share this call widely so that it will reach all Michael’s extensive network of colleagues.</p> <p><strong>The Editorial Team, The Journal of Community Informatics</strong></p> <p>Eduardo Villanueva-Mansilla, Editor-in-Chief.</p> <p>Susan O’Donnell, Brian Beaton, Shaun Pather, David Nemer, Associate Editors.</p> </div> <p><strong>--------</strong></p> <p><span style="font-style: italic;">The Journal of Community Informatics</span> provides an opportunity for <a href="">Community Informatics</a> researchers and others <a href="/index.php/ciej/about/editorialPolicies#focusAndScope">to share their work with the larger community</a>. Through the Journal's application of a rigorous peer review process, knowledge and awareness concerning the community use of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) is being brought to a wider professional audience.</p> <p>In addition, the Journal makes available key documents, “points of view”, notes from the field and other materials that will be of wider interest within the community of those working in Community Informatics.</p> <p>Original funding for the Journal was provided by the <a href="">Canadian Research Alliance for Community Innovation and Networking (CRACIN)</a>, a project funded by the <a href="">Canadian Social Science and Humanities Research Council</a>.</p> <p>Statistics concerning the readership of individual articles may be found <a href="/reports/">here</a> and daily/monthly journal access statistics may be found <a href="/stats/">here</a>.</p> <p><strong>----------------</strong></p> <p><strong>Editor-in-Chief<br></strong><strong>Eduardo Villanueva-Mansilla</strong></p> <p>Department of Communications, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú<br>Lima, PERU.<br><a href=""></a></p> Editorial: Michael Gurstein and the future of Community Informatics 2018-02-12T06:49:50-05:00 Eduardo Villanueva-Mansilla Editorial for 13(3). ##submission.copyrightStatement## Toward a Sociocultural Learning Theory Framework to Designing Online learning Communities in Citizen Science 2018-02-12T06:49:50-05:00 Ruth Kermish-Allen Kate Kastelein <p>How can sociocultural learning theory inform design principles for citizen science online learning communities to inspire local environmental action? The purpose of this article is to identify themes in sociocultural learning theory that could inform the use and development of highly collaborative online learning communities that utilize community informatics tools for citizen science to enable on-the-ground environmental actions. Applying previously established socio-cultural theories provides an opportunity to build on what’s already known about how people learn and collaborate. Finally, this article explains how communities of practice theory, knowledge building theory, and place-based education theory can be woven together to create the basis for development of a conceptual framework.</p> 2017-12-18T07:17:27-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Women in Iran: The effect of marital status and the presence of family dependents at home on their use of the internet 2018-02-12T06:49:50-05:00 Yeslam Al-Saggaf Saeed Shariati Mark Morrison <p class="RESUMEN">Few studies have analyzed how women in Iranian communities use the internet. Our study investigates the effect of marital status and the presence of family dependents at home on their extent of internet use. Our analysis found that while higher incomes, having internet at home, being a student, and having higher qualifications can all increase Iranian women’s chances of using the internet more regularly, looking after a husband or having family dependants at home can have a significant and negative effect on their ability to use the internet on a regular basis. The findings from our small study suggest that less time to access the internet may mean less opportunities for Iranian women to contribute to their communities such as by voicing their opinions and concerns about societal issues that matter to them and by petitioning for change. It may mean less opportunities for participating in political events such as elections.</p> 2017-12-18T07:16:08-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Empowerment of women through an innovative e-mentoring community platform: implications and lessons learned 2018-02-12T06:49:50-05:00 Antigoni Parmaxi Christina Vasiliou Andri Ioannou Christiana Kouta <p class="abstract">This article presents an overview of an e-mentoring community platform that intends to promote women’s empowerment. Women face the so-called glass ceiling effect, the barrier that keeps them from rising to the upper rungs of the corporate ladder, regardless of their qualifications or achievements. We aim to eliminate the stereotypical profile of women as excluded from economic, political, and professional life and promote women’s empowerment, equality, and social coherence. To this aim, we aspire to develop Womenpower, an innovative e-mentoring community platform that intends to link women mentors and mentees in the areas of academia, business, and healthcare. Given the nature of this endeavor, there is a need to approach the development of the e-mentoring platform as a horizontal process and democratize the design, allowing for different perspectives of stakeholders to be heard and determine the design decisions. This article delineates the approach adopted for democratizing the design process and maximizing intended users’ involvement in the development process. Finally, we conclude with implications for researchers and practitioners in Community Informatics and recommendations for promoting the participation of women in the fields of academia, business, and healthcare.</p> 2017-12-18T07:16:27-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mobilities of the Community Health Work Practice: Mobile Health system Mediated Work 2018-02-12T06:49:51-05:00 Esther Namatovu Johan Ivar Sæbø Jens Johan Kaasbøll <p class="RESUMEN"><em>New technologies have been implicated in various forms of mobilities creating new realities and questioning normative categories and the order in contexts where they are applied. Our study argues that through understanding technology mobilities, we uniquely bring to light new forms of social phenomena that materialize with interactions between mHealth systems and the work of Community Health workers in Malawi. Through the analysis, we also elaborate the role of both human and non-human actants in work transformations. This is important in managing technological innovations and theorizing electronically supported work practices.</em></p> 2017-12-19T06:38:32-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Bringing Community Back to Community Health Worker Studies: Community interactions, data collection, and health information flows 2018-02-12T06:49:51-05:00 Eric Ryan Obeysekare Khanjan Mehta Carleen Maitland <p>Community Health Workers (CHWs) have the potential to be a great resource in the further growth of the fledging healthcare systems that exist in many developing countries. Through their position as community members, CHWs can interact with other individuals in the areas where they live and work and serve as valuable health resources by providing basic health information and referrals up the healthcare chain. However, few studies have examined CHWs from a community-based perspective. This study analyzes the work and relationships of several CHWs working for the Mashavu mHealth venture in Nyeri, Kenya. Through the use of participant observation and interviews, the workflows of these CHWs were investigated with a specific eye towards interactions between CHWs and their communities and how these interactions affect potential health data collection opportunities. This community-based perspective reveals unique insights into the workflows of the CHWs and how technology might be designed to support them.</p> 2017-12-18T07:16:57-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Exploring capability and accountability outcomes of open development for the poor and marginalized: An analysis of select literature 2018-02-12T06:49:51-05:00 Caitlin M Bentley Arul Chib Sammia C Poveda Open development concerns the application of digitally-enabled openness to radically change human capability and governance contexts (Davies &amp; Edwards, 2012; Smith &amp; Reilly, 2013; Smith, Elder, &amp; Emdon, 2011). However, what openness means, and how it contributes to development outcomes is contested (Buskens, 2013; Singh &amp; Gurumurthy, 2013). Furthermore, the potential of open development to support positive social transformation has not yet materialized, particularly for marginalized populations (Bentley &amp; Chib, 2016), partly because relatively little is known regarding how transformation is enacted in the field. Likewise, two promising outcomes – the expansion of human capabilities and accountability – have not been explored in detail. This research interrogates the influence of digitally-enabled openness on transformation processes and outcomes. A purposeful sample of literature was taken to evaluate outcomes and transformation processes according to our theoretical framework, which defines seven cross-cutting dimensions essential to incorporate. We argue that these dimensions explain links between structures, processes and outcomes of open development. These links are essential to understand in the area of Community Informatics as they enable researchers and practitioners to support effective use of openness by and for poor and marginalized communities to pursue their own objectives. 2018-02-02T17:32:15-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## An empirical study on the effects of mobile telephony usage on livelihoods in Brong Ahafo region of Ghana 2018-02-12T06:49:51-05:00 Stephen Bekoe Daniel Azerikatoa Ayoung Paul Boadu Benjamin Folitse <p class="RESUMEN">Meaningful use of mobile telephony can enhance human development and capabilities thereby empowering people to lead lives they value. They are enabling technologies to deliver human-centred development. This article explores the effects of mobile phone use on livelihoods of users in eight districts in Brong Ahafo region of Ghana. A mixed method approach was employed and qualitative research was used as a dominant paradigm. Interview questionnaires, focus group discussions and observation were used.  The study showed that mobile phone ownership was high and their uses were characterised by greater uniformity across socio-economic groups and gender. Mobile phones enhanced traditional structures, facilitated business links, and face-to-face interactions as well as strengthening community ties. Users acknowledged the impact of mobile phones in their ability to deal with family emergencies. Poor network connectivity and power outages were major obstacles to mobile phone usage. The study makes original contributions to the knowledge of practical relevance in the ICT4D field as well as with respect to these under-researched Ghanaian regions and provides evidence for policy formulation to improve quality of services in Ghana and elsewhere. The participatory Field Research also provided space for in-depth engagement with local people to understand the technology in social and development contexts.</p> 2018-02-02T17:31:40-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##